SERVICE-LEARNING AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
Studies in at least three states have linked participation in service-learning to gains on student achievement tests. The largest of these studies took place in California, where students in more than half of the schools with high-quality service-learning programs showed a moderate to strong gain on achievement tests in language arts and/or reading (Weiler, LaGoy, Crane and Rovner, 1998). A study in Indiana found that service-learning students had higher test scores on the state assessments in grades 3 and 8 in English and mathematics (Civic Literacy Project, 2000). In Michigan, students who participated in service-learning scored higher on state tests in mathematics and reading for comprehension (Billig, 2000).