Selnnet News, June 2003: Composed by Elizabeth Manning

SERVICE-LEARNING AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

The Evidence
Studies in at least three states have linked participation in service-learning to gains on student achievement tests. The largest of these studies took place in California, where students in more than half of the schools with high-quality service-learning programs showed a moderate to strong gain on achievement tests in language arts and/or reading (Weiler, LaGoy, Crane and Rovner, 1998). A study in Indiana found that service-learning students had higher test scores on the state assessments in grades 3 and 8 in English and mathematics (Civic Literacy Project, 2000). In Michigan, students who participated in service-learning scored higher on state tests in mathematics and reading for comprehension (Billig, 2000).


Several smaller scale studies also have found that service-learning students are more apt to outperform their peers on standardized tests. One such study in Springfield, Massachusetts, found that students in service-learning programs had consistently higher scores on the state test of basic skills (Anderson, Kinsley, Negroni and Price, 1991). A number of other studies have shown general improvement in grades and classroom tests (Shumer, 1994; Dean and Murdock, 1992; O’Bannon, 1999; Follman, 1999).


Researcher Shelley Billig, after reviewing dozens of studies on service-learning, concluded that “the body of evidence shows that academic results are maximized when there is an explicit alignment of the service-learning activities with standards and specific curriculum content.” Furthermore, she found that students were likely to do better on standardized tests when teachers helped their students see the link between curriculum and service and when the students were able to transfer academic knowledge to real-life experiences.


(From Service-Learning and Standards Tool-kit, Education Commission of the States, 2002. Research referenced in Billig, Shelley H. “Research on K-12 School-Based Service-Learning: The Evidence Builds,” Phi Delta Kappan, May 2000, pp658-664.

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Join the National Service-Learning Partnership!

The National Service-Learning Partnership was established to provide leadership and community for advocates, supporters and practitioners of service-learning.
Click here
and click on the link “Enroll.”

“We’ve found that service-learning is a powerful strategy for teaching and learning, which allows young people to deepen and demonstrate their learning and at the same time develop a strong sense of civic responsibility. We firmly believe that it can become a central strategy for teaching and learning in our schools.”
John Glenn – Chair, National Commission on Service-Learning

Linking Service-Learning to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001


President Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 into law in January 2002. This Act, known as NCLB, reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and provides federal funding for many educational programs such as programs for economically disadvantaged youth and families, migrant students, English language learners, and other targeted populations.
“Linking Service-Learning and the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act Title Programs” introduces students to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their academic achievement and their sense of community. The following documents highlight the opportunities for linking service-learning with NCLB, and provide service-learning models, best practices, eligibility requirements and suggestions for getting started.
Citation: RMC Research Corporation. (September 2002). Linking Service-Learning and the No Child Left Behind Act. Scotts Valley, CA: National Service-Learning Clearinghouse. The following brochures are available for download in PDF format at Brochures


Title I: Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged
By linking Title I and service-learning, students in school wide or targeted assistance programs will be introduced to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their sense of community. They will gain valuable experience to prepare them for the workforce.


Title IC: Migrant Education
By linking Title I, Part C and service-learning, students will be introduced to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their academic achievement and sense of community. They will gain valuable experiences to help them stay in school and prepare them for the workforce.


Title I, Part H: School Dropout Prevention
By linking Title I, Part H and service-learning, students in school wide or targeted assistance programs will be introduced to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their sense of community. They will gain valuable experience to help them stay in school and prepare them for the workforce.


Title III: Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students
By linking Title III and service-learning, students will be introduced to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their sense of community. Students will develop a sense of caring and responsibility, and understand the value of being a good citizen, while learning to speak, read, and write English.


Title IV: Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities
By linking Title IV and service-learning, students will be introduced to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their sense of community and can provide a safe learning environment. Students will develop a sense of caring and responsibility and understand the value of being a good citizen, while learning how to develop healthy lifestyles.


Title V, Part A: Innovative Programs
By linking Title V, Part A and service-learning, students will be introduced to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their sense of community and can provide opportunities for the development of positive behaviors. Students will develop a sense of caring and responsibility, and understand the value of being a good citizen.


Title VII: Indian, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native Education
By linking Title VII and service-learning, students will be introduced to concepts and experiences that have the potential to increase their academic achievement, and their sense of community. Service-learning can provide opportunities for them to learn about their unique cultures and traditions.

NATIONAL SERVICE-LEARNING RESOURCES


National Service-Learning Partnership. A national association organized two years ago to advocate for service-learning opportunities in each year for all k-12 students.
Membership is free for on-line registration. Click on “enroll” at the organization’s web site.
http://www.service-learningpartnership.org


National Service-Learning Research and Development Center at UC-Berkeley
The NSLRDC acts in partnership with other organizations to advance research on K-16 service-learning.
NSLRDC


National Service-Learning Clearinghouse
One of the best resources on the web for information, research, curriculum ideas, assessment tools and other necessities for quality service-learning.
NSLC


Education Commission of the States
ECS has funded several service-learning initiatives and participated in many others, among them the National Center for Learning and Citizenship, and the Learning In Deed initiative funded by W.K. Kellogg Foundation. They have several products associated with Service-Learning adoption, implementation and policy integration.
ECS


RMC Research Corporation. RMC has long been involved in service-learning research, program development, program evaluation, professional development and consulting. They are co-sponsors of the International Service-Learning Research Conference
RMC


Constitutional Rights Foundation
CRF seeks to instill in our nation’s youth a deeper understanding of citizenship through values expressed in our Constitution and its Bill of Rights, and educate them to become active and responsible participants in our society. CRF is dedicated to assuring our country’s future by investing in our youth today. CRF provides funding, training, curriculum materials, and technical assistance to k-12 service-learning initiatives.
CRF


Corporation for National and Community Service Learn and Serve America
One of the National Service Programs, Learn and Serve America offers funded and award programs associated with school and community based service-learning. Their web site includes a list of contacts in each state LEARNANDSERVE



CALENDAR


3rd Annual International Service-Learning Research Conference
November 6 – 8, 2003 at the Sheraton City Centre Hotel in Salt Lake City, Utah. The conference is sponsored by RMC Research Corporation and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and will be hosted by the University of Utah and the Lowell Bennion Community Service Center IS-LR Conference


15th Annual National Service-Learning Conference
Citizens Not Spectators: Fulfilling the Promise of Democracy
March 28-31, 2004 at the Caribe Royale Resort and Convention Center, Orlando, FL The National Service-Learning Conference highlights and promotes service-learning as a way of teaching and learning that builds academic and citizenship skills while renewing communities. Register on-line in October 2003 at NS-L Conference


2004 ASCD Annual Conference & Exhibit Show
“Faces of Education: Courageous Actions – Powerful Stories.”

March 20–22, 2004 in New Orleans, Louisiana. Conference and hotel registration information available October 2003
ASCD Conference

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